I have copied this section from the AKC Standards for Lagotto Romagnolo
Size - Height at the withers: Dogs 17 to 19 inches, Bitches 16 to 18 inches. Tolerance of ½ inch. Disqualification - Dogs under 16½ inches or over 19½ inches. Bitches under 15½ inches over 18½ inches. Weight - Males 28 to 35 pounds. Females 24 to 31 pounds. Important Proportions - The length of the head is four-tenths of the height at the withers. The dog is nearly as high as long (square). The length of the dog, measured from the sternum to the ischium is nearly the same as the height at the withers. The length of the skull should be slightly more than 50 percent of the total length of the head. The depth of the chest is less than 50 percent (about 44 percent) of the height at the withers. This is copied from the FCI standard Small to medium-sized dog, well proportioned, powerfully built, of a rustic appearance, with a dense, curly coat of woolly texture. The dog should give the impression that he has the strength and endurance to work all day in difficult and challenging terrain.
SIZE PROPORTION, SUBSTANCE Size - Height at the withers: Dogs 17 to 19 inches, Bitches 16 to 18 inches. Tolerance of ½ inch. Disqualification - Dogs under 16½ inches or over 19½ inches. Bitches under 15½ inches over 18½ inches. Weight - Males 28 to 35 pounds. Females 24 to 31 pounds. Important Proportions - The length of the head is four-tenths of the height at the withers. The dog is nearly as high as long (square). The length of the dog, measured from the sternum to the ischium is nearly the same as the height at the withers. The length of the skull should be slightly more than 50 percent of the total length of the head. The depth of the chest is less than 50 percent (about 44 percent) of the height at the withers. HEAD When viewed from above the head is trapezoidal in shape and moderately broad; the upper longitudinal axes of the skull and the muzzle diverge slightly. Cheeks flat. Axes of the skull and the muzzle converging or appearing “dish-faced” is a fault. Viewed from the side, from occiput to stop, the skull should be longer than the muzzle. The skull measured across the area of the zygomatic arches is wide and equal to the area from the stop to the occipital crest, both being slightly more than 50 percent of the total length of the head (56 percent). Frontal sinuses well developed, marked arch of the eyebrows, the occipital crest is not very developed, the stop not too pronounced though the furrow between the eyes is pronounced. The ridge formed by the eye sockets is palpable from the eyebrows to the side of the head. The eyes are large, but never exaggerated, rounded, filling the socket, set fairly apart. The color of the iris ranges from ochre to hazel and dark brown depending on the color of the coat. Close fitting eyelids; eyerim color will vary with coat color from flesh colored to dark brown. Eyelashes very well developed. The Lagotto’s expression should be alert, keen and lively. Walleye(s), an eye with a whitish iris, a blue eye, are a disqualifying fault. The ears are medium-sized in proportion to the head, triangular with rounded tips; their base is rather wide; they are set just above the zygomatic arches. Hanging at rest or slightly raised when the dog is attentive. The ears when pulled loosely forward across the cheeks towards the nose tip should cover ¼ of the length of the muzzle. Muzzle is measured from eyes to nose tip. On the ears, the hair tends to show looser curls, but remains very wavy. Except where trimmed to the edges there should be no short hair on the ears. The inner part of the auricle is also covered with hair. The muzzle is broad in width, in length a little shorter than the skull (44 percent to 56 percent ratio). The muzzle is wedge shaped, giving a blunt profile. The nose is large with wide open and mobile nostrils. Median groove strongly pronounced. The bridge of the muzzle has a straight profile, a roman nose is a fault. Viewed in profile, the nose continues on the same level as the muzzle and protrudes very slightly from the front edge of the lips. Color will vary with coat color from flesh colored to dark brown. The nose should be fully pigmented. A de-pigmented nose is a fault. The lips are not too thick; they are rather tight, so that the mandible determines the lower profile of the muzzle. They are covered with a long and rather bristly moustache. Color will vary with coat color from flesh colored to dark brown. The flews are tight fitting and dry. Strong under jaw, which is relatively large with white and well-developed teeth. Reverse scissor bite, scissor bite or level bite are all acceptable. Overshot bite and extreme undershot bite (more than a ¼ inch space between the upper and lower incisors) are both disqualifying faults. Full dentition is preferred. No more than one missing tooth. The missing tooth to be allowed only between P1-P4. Any tooth missing other than a premolar or more than one missing tooth is a disqualification.
NECK, TOPLINE, BODY The neck is strong, muscular, lean and oval in shape; well set off from the nape, and slightly arched. In males the perimeter of the neck can reach twice its length. Short in appearance, it is less than the total length of the head. The topline - well pronounced withers, topline straight from behind the withers to the croup, which is slightly sloping. Body - compact and strong. The length of the dog, measured from the sternum to the ischium is nearly the same as the height at the withers. Chest - well developed, reaching down to the elbows. Ribs - well developed, narrow in front; widening from the sixth rib back (behind the shoulders) to the last rib. Underline - long sternal section in form of a straight line; the following tuck-up is only slight. Back - straight, very muscular. Loin - short coupled, very strong, width is equal or slightly exceeds the length. Croup - long, wide, muscular, slightly sloping. Tail - set on slightly below the line of the back; following the natural line of the croup. The length of the tail when hanging at rest should barely reach the hocks. At rest carried scimitar like or straight; when excited it is decidedly raised. When moving the tail is often carried level with the back. When working or excited can be raised higher, also scimitar like, but never curled or straight up. Tail tapers towards the end. It is covered with woolly and rather bristly hair. FOREQUARTERS Shoulder - shoulder blades long (30 percent of the height at withers), well laid back (52 to 55 degrees), muscular, strong and closely attached to the chest, but moving freely. The angle formed between the shoulder blade and the upper arm should be 110 to 115 degrees. Upper Arm - muscular, of thin bone structure, as long as the shoulder blade; its inclination to the horizontal ranges from 58 to 60 degrees. Elbow - tucked firmly against the brisket; covered with thin skin. Parallel to the median sagittal plane (means in line with the spine) of the body as are the upper arms. The tip of the elbow is located on a vertical line lowered from the back end of the scapula to the ground. Forearm - perfectly vertical, long (36 percent of the height at withers), with compact, strong bone of oval cross-section). Carpus (wrist) -viewed from the front in a vertical line with the forearm; fine, robust and mobile; the bone of the carpus markedly protruding. Pasterns - rather less thick and of finer bone compared with the forearm. Seen in profile, slightly sloping (They form an angle of 75 to 80 degrees with the ground). Dewclaws - must be present on the front legs. Missing dewclaws are a disqualifying fault. Forefeet - slightly rounded, compact, with well arched and tight toes having well developed webbing between the toes. Pads are fully pigmented. Nails are strong and curved and may range in color from white to so dark a brown as to appear black. HINDQUARTERS Angulation - in balance with the forequarters. Legs - powerful, upright seen from the rear, well proportioned to the size of the dog and parallel. Upper thigh - long (35 percent of the height at withers), with well-defined muscles. The axis of the femur has a distinct inclination of 80 degrees to the horizontal. The coxo-femoral angle ranges from 105 to 110 degrees. The thigh is parallel to the median plane of the body. Stifle - the angle of the stifle ranges from 130 to 135 degrees. Second thigh - slightly longer than the upper thigh (36 percent of the height at withers), well boned and muscled, with marked muscular groove. Its inclination to the horizontal ranges from 50 to 55 degrees. Its direction is parallel to the median plane of body. Hocks (rear pastern) - well let down. Thin, cylindrical, perpendicular to the ground. Hind feet - slightly oval shaped, compact, with toes slightly less arched than those of the forefeet and with well- developed webbing between the toes. Pads are fully pigmented. Nails are strong and somewhat straighter than those of the forefeet and may range in color from white to so dark a brown as to appear black. COAT Hair - of woolly texture, never twisted to form thin cords, semi-rough on the surface, with tight, ring-shaped curls, with visible undercoat. Curls must be evenly distributed all over the body and tail, except on the head, where the curls are not as tight forming abundant eyebrows, whiskers and beard. Even the cheeks are covered with thick hair. The topcoat and especially the undercoat are waterproof. The clipped coat must not be longer than a maximum of 1½ inches in a curled state (not brushed out) and it should be uniform with the silhouette of the dog. Only on the head the coat can be longer than 1½ inches, but not so long as to cover the eyes. The edges of the ears should be clipped to the leather, though the surface of the ear flap should show wavy hair. The area around the genitals and anus should be clipped short. The hair should never be clipped so short (except as noted above) that curls and texture of the coat cannot be assessed. The correct clip is un-pretentious and contributes to accentuate the natural, rustic look typical of the breed. The correct coat is never luxurious and shiny. Excessively groomed dogs (sculpted or blown out so that the curl may not be assessed) should be so severely penalized as to eliminate from competition. Disqualification - a corded coat. Skin - thin, close fitting all over the body, without wrinkles. Pigmentation of the skin connecting with mucous membranes and that of pads ranges from light to dark and very dark brown. COLOR Off-white solid color, white with brown or orange patches, brown roan, brown (in different shades) with or without white, orange with or without white. Some dogs have a brown to dark brown mask. Tan markings (in different shades) allowed. The colors have a tendency to fade to a more diluted shade as the dog ages, sometimes to such an extent that the brown areas can appear as a silvery/gray roan. All the above colors are equally desirable including faded or diluted colors. Black coat, black patches or black pigmentation are to be disqualified. GAIT/MOVEMENT Energetic trot with reach and drive. Lively and balanced. BEHAVIOR AND TEMPERAMENT The Lagotto is tractable, undemanding, keen, affectionate, very attached to his owner and easy to train. He is also a very good companion and an excellent watchdog. A natural gift for searching and a very good nose has made the breed very efficient in finding truffles. The former hunting instinct has been modified by genetic selection; hence his work is not distracted by the scent of game. The dog should be neither aggressive nor overly shy. FAULTS Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work. DISQUALIFICATIONS Size- Dogs under 16½ inches or over 19½ inches. Bitches under 15½ inches over 18½ inches. Walleye(s), an eye with a whitish iris; a blue eye Bite - Overshot bite, pronounced undershot bite (more than a ¼ inch space between the upper and lower incisors). Teeth – Any tooth other than a premolar or more than one missing tooth. Dewclaws - Missing on front feet or present on rear feet. Coat - corded coat Color - Black coat, black patches or black pigmentation. Now for the Health testing you should be looking for done on your puppy’s parents ! PLEASE READ THIS CAREFULLY might save you a lot of heart ache later as a responsible breeder we can only test for what is available to us . Like any breed there can and are issues to watch out for ! The Lagotto Romagnolo is overall, a very healthy breed. While there are very few health conditions of concern in the breed, the responsible breeder will screen for these. The known conditions and other regular tests required or recommended of all LRCA member breeders are explained below. Anyone looking to purchase a Lagotto Romagnolo should be aware of these and talk to breeders before buying any dog or puppy. Benign Familial Juvenile Epilepsy Benign Familial Juvenile Epilepsy was first recognized and reported in the Lagotto Romagnolo as early as 2002. The disease is described as inherited benign juvenile epilepsy. A similar disease is described in human medicine. The affected puppies usually show evidence of seizures and ataxia from 5 to 9 weeks of age and these resolve spontaneously by 8 to 13 weeks of age. Research at the University of Helsinki identified the causative gene in 2007, showing an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. Genetic testing for BFJE is available and it is recommended that all breeding stock be tested prior to breeding. Testing is available from Optigen in USA, Laboklin in Germany or Genoscoper in Finland. Many countries have submitted samples and now, thousands of Lagotto have been tested for the BFJE gene. The data shows the following results of that testing: 3% affected; 46% carriers; 51% normal. To better explain what these results mean, please see below for definitions: • NORMAL: The dog carries two copies of the normal gene and therefore has no predisposition to epilepsy. • CARRIER: The dog carries one mutant and one normal copy of the epilepsy gene. The dog does not develop the disease but can transfer a gene defect to approximately 50% of its offspring. • AFFECTED: The dog carries two mutant copies of the epilepsy gene and will likely develop the disease in early puppyhood. If bred from the dog will transfer the gene defect to its entire offspring. Carrier dogs should only be mated to clear dogs so as to avoid producing BFJE affected puppies. It is NOT recommended to withdraw carrier dogs from breeding, as this would greatly reduce the already small Lagotto gene pool and not necessary when mating to a clear or normal dog. For more information, please visit the open access article on PLOS Genetics Website. Storage Disease in Lagotto Storage disease is a severe neurodegenerative disease found in the Lagotto, and is auto-recessive. It is essential that no affected dogs are bred and carriers must only be bred to a clear. The disorder was recently identified in the Lagotto by researchers at the University of Helsinki and the University of Bern. Onset of symptoms can appear from 4 months of age to 4 years. This is a progressive disorder. Those dogs affected will deteriorate to the point they will need to be euthanized. While genetic testing is currently only available through the University of Bern, a commercial test is expected to be available through Genoscoper sometime in 2015. For more information, please review the article posted on the Lagotto Romagnolo Association of the UK. Cerebellar Abiotrophy (CA) aka progressive juvenile ataxia While considered very rare, another condition found in the Lagotto is cerebellar abiotrophy of CA. This is a condition being researched at the University of Helsinki and the University of Bern and is form epilepsy in the breed that is unconnected with the BFJE mutation. The age of onset is adulthood. The number of confirmed cases is low and research is continuing. There is currently no commercial test for this disease and more research is needed. More information on the condition and case studies can be found on the Lagotto Romagnolo Club of New Zealand website. Hip Dysplasia Hip dysplasia is a malformation in the hip joint and is a multi-genetic inherited trait. Dogs affected by this condition will lead to eventual deterioration of the hip. Arthritis develops and reduces function and mobility for the dog, and can be very painful. It is one of the most common health occurances in dogs, with the large and giant breeds being thought to be the most affected. However, smaller breeds are not immune when affected, and tend to show less obvious signs. Hip dysplasia can be found in the Lagotto and therefore, responsible breeders make sure that they get hip radiographs (x-rays) on any dog in their breeding program and only breed dogs with passing scores. Two different methods are used: OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) and PennHip. Elbow Dysplasia Another type of degenerative joint disease is elbow dysplasia. It is an inherited polygenic disease in the formation of the elbow. While some breeders may choose to have elbow x-rays done at the same time as hips, there have not been significant numbers of elbow dysplasia found in the breed and is therefore not a required test for LRCA member breeders. According to the OFA database, dated December 2014, 100% of the Lagotto Romagnolo’s tested have been normal. HUU or Hyperuricosuria Hyperuricouria is an inherited condition of the urinary system affecting several breeds of dogs. The SLC2A9 gene code for protein that allows the kidneys to transport uric acid from the urine.May cause Urinary Stones, loss of appretite, lethargy weakness and pain. Both male and female can be affected. Again both parents have to carry the gene to affect a puppy. Eyes Very few cases of juvenile cataracts have been found in the Lagotto. In both Germany and Switzerland, several samples have been taken and are being studied in order to examine the possibility of inherited cataracts, and those results are still pending. LRCA member breeders are required to have any breeding dogs eyes tested and cleared by a board certified ophthalmologist before any breeding. Results are to be submitted for certification issued by Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. Breeders are required to have this test done on an annual basis on any breeding dog. Incorrect coat While rare, a Lagotto can be born with an incorrect or “short-coat.” This is an appearance issue and not a health one. These dogs are perfectly healthy and all Lagotto, but if two “carrier” dogs are mated, it is possible for some of the off-spring can be born with a short, flat coat, and not develop the normal curls associated with the Lagotto. The puppy’s parents will most likely have normal coats. This incidence does not become apparent until the dog is 4-6 weeks of age and the hair on the legs, head, muzzle and body will be short and fine, and they do tend to shed. This genetic mutation is the same one found years ago in the Portuguese Water Dog. An “improper-coat furnishings” test became available in 2011, and is available from Optigen in the US and Laboklin in Germany. It is recommended that breeders make sure that at least one dog in the breeding pair be tested “normal” for incorrect coat. Again this information is copied from AKC website so that I do not make any errors! When I purchased our 2 Lagotto’s from Europe I searched to find only puppies and bloodlines that the parents were CLEAR of LSD,IC,and JE and good to excellent hips and elbows which is now becoming easier ! Parent 1 X bred to Parent 2 what to expect ! Genotype Parent 2 Genotype Normal/Clear Carrier Affected Normal/Clear All = Normal/Clear 1/2 = Normal/Clear 1/2 = Carrier All = Carrier Carrier 1/2 = Normal 1/2 = Carrier 1/4 = Normal/Clear 1/2 = Carrier 1/4 = Affected 1/2 = Carrier 1/2 = Affected Affected All = Carrier 1/2 = Carrier 1/2 = Affected All = Affected